References

This list of references (hopefully) contains all literature cited in the section “Ichnology”...

  • ABEL, O. (1935): Vorzeitliche Lebensspuren. – 600 pp.; Jena (Fischer).
  • AGASSIZ, L. (1833): Neue Entdeckungen über fossile Fische. – Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefactenkunde, 1833: 675-677.
  • ALLER, R. C. (1983): The importance of the diffusive permeability of animal burrow linings in determining marine sediment chemistry. – Journal of Marine Research, 41: 299-322.
  • ANDREWS, H. N., jr. (1955): Index of generic names of fossil plants, 1820-1950. – U.S. Geological Survey, Bulletin, 1013: 1-262.
  • BARTHEL, K. W. (1966): Concentric marks: current indicators. – Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 36: 1156-1162.
  • BARTHEL, K. W. (1978): Solnhofen – Ein Blick in die Erdgeschichte. – 393 pp.; Thun (Ott).
  • BARTHEL, K. W.; SWINBURNE, N. H. M. & CONWAY MORRIS, S. (1990): Solnhofen – A study in Mesozoic Palaeontology. – ix+236 pp.; Cambridge (University Press).
  • BASAN, P. B. & FREY, R. W. (1977): Actual-palaeontology and neoichnology of salt marshes near Sapelo Island, Georgia. – In CRIMES, T. P. & HARPER, J. C. (Eds.): Trace fossils, 2. – Geological Journal, Special Issue, 9: 41-70.
  • BATHER (1925):
  • BEHRENDS, G. & MICHAELIS, H. (1977): Zur Deutung der Lebensspuren des Polychaeten Scolelepis squamata. – Senckenbergiana Maritima, 9: 47-57.
  • BEKKER, J. R. (2013): Ichnofossils – a new paleontological object in the Late Precambrian stratotype of the Urals. – Litosfera, 1: 52-80. [In Russia, with English abstract].
  • BELL, C. M. (2004): Asteroid and ophiuroid trace fossils from the Lower Cretaceous of Chile. – Palaeontology, 47: 51-66.
  • BERGSTRÖM, J. (1973). Organization, life, and systematics of trilobites. – Fossils & Strata, 2: 1-69.
  • BERTLING, M. (2007): What’s in a name? Nomenclature, systematics, ichnotaxonomy. – In: MILLER III., W. (Ed.): Trace Fossils. Concepts, Problems, Prospects: 92-109; Amsterdam (Elsevier).
  • BERTLING, M.; BRADDY, S. J.; BROMLEY, R. G.; DEMATHIEU, G. R.; GENISE, J.;  MIKULÁŠ , R.; NIELSEN, J. K.; NIELSEN, K. S. S.; RINDSBERG, A. K.; SCHLIRF, M. & UCHMAN, A. (2006): Names for trace fossils: a uniform approach. – Lethaia, 39: 265-286.
  • BIGOT, (1941):
  • BINNEY, E. W. (1852): On some trails and holes found in rocks of the Carboniferous strata, with remarks on the Microconchus carbonarius. – Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester, Series 2, 10: 181-201 (+ Pl. 1-2).
  • BISHOP, G. A. (1986): Taphonomy of the North American decapods. – Journal of Crustacean Biology, 6: 326-355.
  • BOWN, T. M. & RATCLIFFE, B. C. (1988): The origin of Chubutolithes IHERING, ichnofossils from the Eocene and Oligocene of Chubut Province, Argentina. – Journal of Paleontology, 62(2): 163-167.
  • BRANDT, D. S. (2002): Ecydsial efficiency and evolutionary efficacy among marine arthropods: Implications for trilobite survivorship. – Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology, 26: 399-421.
  • BROMLEY, R. G. (1970): Borings as trace fossils and Entobia cretacea PORTLOCK, as an example. – In: CRIMES, T.P. & HARPER, J.C. (Eds.), Trace fossils. – Geological Journal, Special Issue, 3: 49-90.
  • BROMLEY, R. G. (1981): Concepts in ichnotaxonomy illustrated by small round holes in shells. – Acta Geologica Hispanica, 16: 55-64.
  • BROMLEY, R. G. (1990): Trace fossils: Biology and taphonomy. – 280 pp.; London (Unwin Hyman).
  • BROMLEY, R. G. (1992): Bioerosion: Eating rocks for fun and profit. – In MAPLES, C. G. & WEST, R. R. (Eds.): Trace fossils. – Paleontological Society Short Courses in Paleontology, Vol. 5: 121-129; Knoxville (University of Tennessee, Department of Geological Sciences).
  • BROMLEY, R. G. (1993): Predation habits of octopus past and present and a new ichnospecies, Oichnus ovalis. – Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 40: 167-173.
  • BROMLEY, R. G. (1996): Trace Fossils – Biology, Taphonomy and  Applications. – 2. ed., 384 pp.; London (Chapman & Hall).
  • BROMLEY, R. G.; UCHMAN, A.; GREGORY, M. R. & MARTIN, A. J. (2003): Hillichnus lobosensis igen. et isp. nov., a complex trace fossil produced by tellinacean bivalves, Paleocene, Monterey, California, USA. – Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 192: 157-186.
  • BUATOIS, L. & MÁNGANO, M. G. (2011): Ichnology - Organism-substrate interactions in space and time. – 358 pp.; New York (Cambridge).
  • BUATOIS, L. A.; MÁNGANO, M. G.; WU, X. & ZHANG, G. (1995): Vagorichnus, a new ichnogenus for feeding burrow systems and its occurrence as discrete and compound ichnotaxa in Jurassic lacustrine turbidites of Central China. – Ichnos, 3: 265-272.
  • CALLOW, R. H. T.; McILROY, D. & BRASIER, M. D. (2011): John Salter and the Ediacara Fauna of the Longmyndian Supergroup. – Ichnos, 18(3): 176-187.
  • CARRASCO, J. F. (2011): A new ichnospecies of Asteriacites from the Triassic of Tarragona (Spain). – Batalleria, 16: 12-15.
  • CHAMBERLAIN, C. K. (1971): Morphology and ethology of trace fossils from the Ouachita Mountains, Southeast Oklahoma. – Journal of Paleontology, 45(2): 212-246.
  • CHAMBERLAIN, C. K. (1977): Ordovician and Devonian trace fossils from Nevada. – Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology, Bulletin, 90: 1-24.
  • CHIPLONKAR, G. W. & GHARE, M. A. (1975): Some additional trace fossils from the Bagh Beds. – Bulletin of the Indian Geological Association, 8(1): 71-84.
  • CRIMES, T. P. (1987): Trace fossils and correlation of Late Precambrian and early Cambrian strata. – Geological Magazine, 124(2): 97-119.
  • CRIMES, T. P. & ANDERSON, M. M. (1985): Trace fossils from late Precambrian-early Cambrian strata of southeastern Newfoundland (Canada): temporal and environmental implications. – Journal of Paleontology. 59(2): 310-345.
  • CRIMES, T. P. & CROSSLEY, J. D. (1991): A diverse ichnofauna from Silurian flysch of the Aberystwyth Grits Formation, Wales. – Geological Journal, 26: 26-64.
  • CRIMES, T. P.; LEGG, I.; MARCOS, A. & ARBOLEYA, M. L. (1977): ?Late Precambrian- low Lwer Cambrian trace fossils from Spain. – In: CRIMES, T. P. & HARPER, J. C. (Eds): Trace fossils 2. – Geological Journal, Special Issue, 9: 91-138.
  • CRIMES, T. P.; GOLDRING, R.; HOMEWOOD, P., STUIVENBORG, J. van & WINKLER, W. (1981): Trace fossil assemblages of deep-sea fan deposits, Gurnigel and Schlieren flysch (Cretaceous-Eocene), Switzerland. – Ecologae Geologicae Helvetiae, 74: 953-955.
  • D’ALESSANDRO, A. & BROMLEY, R. G. (1987): Meniscate trace fossils and the Muensteria-Taenidium problem. – Palaeontology, 30: 743-763.
  • D’ALESSANDRO, A.; BROMLEY, R. G. & STEMMERIK, L. (1987): Rutichnus: A New ichnogenus for branched, walled, meniscate trace fossils. – Journal of Paleontology, 61: 1112-1119.
  • DAM, G. (1990): Taxonomy of trace fossils from the shallow marine Lower Jurassic Neill Klinter Formation, East Greenland. – Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 38: 119-144.
  • DAWSON, J. W. (1878): Supplement to the 2nd edition of Acadian Geology, containing additional facts as to the geological structure, fossil remains, and mineral resources. – In (as appendix): DAWSON, J. W.: Acadian Geology, the geologic structure, organic remains and mineral resources of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. – 3rd ed., 694 pp. + 102 pp. (supplement); London (Macmillan & Co.).
  • DEMIRCAN, H. & UCHMAN, A. (2010): Kiss of death of a hunting fish: Trace fossil Osculichnus labialis igen. et isp. nov. from late Eocene–early Oligocene prodelta sediments of the Mezardere Formation, Thrace Basin, NW Turkey. – Acta Geologica Polonica, 60: 29-38.
  • DONOVAN, S. K. (1994): Insects and other arthropods as tracemakers in non-marine environments and palaeoenvironments. – In: DONOVAN, S. K. (Ed.): The palaeobiology of trace fossils: 200-220; Chichester (Wiley).
  • D'ORBIGNY, A. (1850): Prodrome de paléontologie stratigraphique universelle des animaux mollusques et rayonnés, 2. – 428 pp.; Paris (Victor Mason).
  • EAGAR, R. M. C.; BAINES, J. G.; COLLINSON, J. D.; HARDY, P. G.; OKOLO, S. A. & POLLARD, J. E. (1985): Trace fossil assemblages and their occurrence in Silesian (Mid-Carboniferous) deltaic sediments of the central Pennine Basin, England. - In: CURRAN, H. A. (Ed.): Biogenic structures: their use in interpreting depositional environments. – Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Special Publication, 35: 99-149.
  • EISERHARDT, K.-H.; KOCH, L. & EISERHARDT, W. L. (2001): Revision des Ichnotaxon Tomaculum GROOM, 1902. – Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 221: 325-358.
  • EKDALE, A. A. (1985): Paleoecology of the marine endobenthos. – Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 50: 63-81.
  • EKDALE, A. A. & LEWIS, D. W. (1993): Sabellariid reefs in Ruby Bay, New Zealand: A modern analogue of Skolithos “piperock” that is not produced by burrowing activity. – Palaios, 8: 614-620.
  • EKDALE, A. A., BROMLEY, R. G. & PEMBERTON, S. G. (1984): Ichnology: The use of trace fossils in sedimentology and stratigraphy. – Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Short Course, 15, 317 pp.
  • ELBROCH, M. & MARKS, E. (2001): Bird tracks & sign: A guide to North American species. – viii + 456 pp.; Mechanicsburg (Stackpole Books).
  • FILLION, D. & PICKERILL, R. K. (1990): Ichnology of the Upper Cambrian? to Lower Ordovician Bell Island and Wabana Groups of eastern Newfoundland, Canada. – Palaeontographica Canadiana, 7: 1-119.
  • FISHER, W. K. & MACGINITIE, G. E. (1928). The natural history of an echiuroid worm. – Journal of Natural History Series, 10(1): 204-213.
  • FREY, R. W. (1973):  Concepts in the study of biogenic sedimentary structures. – Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 43: 6-19.
  • FREY, R. W. & PEMBERTON, S. G. (1985): Biogenic structures in outcrops and cores. I. Approches to ichnology. – Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, 33: 72-115.
  • FREY, R. W. & SEILACHER, A. (1980): Uniformity in marine invertebrate ichnology. – Lethaia, 13: 183-207.
  • FREY, R. W., PEMBERTON, S. G. & FAGERSTROM, J. A. (1984): Morphological, ethological, and environmental significance of the ichnogenera Scoyenia and Ancorichnus. – Journal of Paleontology, 58(2): 511-528.
  • FRICKHINGER, K. A. (1994): Die Fossilien von Solnhofen – Dokumentation der aus den Plattenkalken bekannten Tiere und Pflanzen/The fossils of Solnhofen – Documenting the animals and plants Known from the plattenkalks. – 332 pp.; Korb (Goldschneck). [In German and English.]
  • FRICKHINGER, K. A. (1999): Die Fossilien von Solnhofen – Dokumentation der aus den Plattenkalken bekannten Tiere und Pflanzen. 2: Neue Funde, neue Details, neue Erkenntnisse/The fossils of Solnhofen – A documentation of fauna and flora of the Solnhofen Formation. 2: New specimens, new details, new results. – 190 pp.; Korb (Goldschneck). [In German and English]
  • FRITSCH, A. (1883): Studien im Gebiete der böhmischen Kreideformation. Paläontologische Untersuchungen der einzelnen Schichten. III. Die Izerschichten. – Archiv der naturwissenschaftlichen Landesdurchforschung von Böhmen, 5(2): 1-139; Prague (as a commission from František Řivnáč).
  • FRITSCH, A. (1908): Problematica Silurica. Systême Silurien du centre de la Bohême [par Joachim Barrande, suite éditée au frais du Barrande Fonds; publiés par le Prof. Dr. Anton Fritsch, traduit par A. S. Oudin]. – 28 pp. + 12 pls., Prague/Leipzig (Gerhard).
  • FRITSCH, A. & SCHLÖNBACH, U. (1872): Cephalopoden der böhmischen Kreideformation. – 51 pp.; Prague (Publised by A. Fritsch as a commission from František Řivnáč).
  • FU, S. (1991): Funktion, Verhalten und Einteilung fucoider und lophocteniider Lebensspuren. – Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 135: 1-183.
  • FÜRSICH F. T. (1974): Ichnogenus Rhizocorallium. – Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 48(1-2): 16-28.
  • FÜRSICH, F. T. (1974): Corallian (Upper Jurassic) trace fossils from England and Normandy. – Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, B 13: 1-51.
  • GEINITZ, H. B. 1842. Charakteristik der Schichten und Petrefacten des sächsisch-böhmischen Kreidegebirges. Drittes Heft: Die sächsisch-böhmische Schweiz, die Oberlausitz und das Innere von Böhmen. – 63-116; Dresden & Leipzig (Arnoldische Buchhandlung).
  • GEINITZ, H. B. 1850. Charakteristik der Schichten und Petrefacten des sächsisch-böhmischen Kreidegebirges. Drittes Heft: Die sächsisch-böhmische Schweiz, die Oberlausitz und das Innere von Böhmen. – 2. edition, 63-116; Dresden & Leipzig (Arnoldische Buchhandlung).
  • GENISE, J. F. (1995): Upper Cretaceous trace fossils in permineralized plant remains from Patagonia, Argentina. – Ichnos, 3: 287-299.
  • GENISE, J. F. & BOWN, T. M. (1994a): New Miocene scarabeid and hymenopterous nests and Early Miocene (Santacrucian) paleoenvironments, Patagonian Argentina. – Ichnos, 3: 107-117.
  • GENISE, J. F. & BOWN, T. M. (1994b): New trace fossils of termites (Insecta: Isoptera) from the late Eocene-early Miocene of Egypt, and the reconstruction of ancient isopteran social behavior. – Ichnos, 3: 155-183.
  • GENISE, J. F.; MÁNGANO, M. G.; BUATOIS, L. A.; LAZA, J. & VERDE, M. (2000): Insect trace fossil associations in paleosols: The Coprinisphaera ichnofacies. – Palaios, 15: 33-48.
  • GENISE, J. F., MELCHOR, R. N., BELOSI, E. S., GONZÁLEZ, M. G. & KRAUSE, M. (2007): New pupation chambers (pupichnia) from the Upper Cretaceous of Patagonia, Argentina. – Cretaceous Research, 28: 545-559.
  • GETTY, P. R. (2016): Bifurculapes HITCHCOCK 1858: a revision of the ichnogenus. – Atlantic Geology, 52: 247-255.
  • GEYER, O. F. (1973): Grundzüge der Stratigraphie und Fazieskunde, Band 1: Paläontologische Grundlagen 1, Das geologische Profil, Stratigraphie und Geochronologie. – 279 pp.; Stuttgart (Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung).
  • GIBERT, J. M. de; DOMÈNECH, R. & MARTINELL, J. (2004): An ethological framework for animal bioerosion trace fossils upon mineral substrates with proposal of a new class, fixichnia. – Lethaia, 37: 429-437.
  • GIBERT, J. M. de & BENNER, J. S. (2002): The trace fossil Gyrochorte: ethology and paleoecology. – Revista Española de Paleontología, 17: 1-12.
  • GINGRAS, M. K.; BANN, K. L.; MacEACHERN, J. A.; WALDRON, J. & PEMBERTON, S. G. (2007). A conceptual framework for the application of trace fossils. – In: MacEACHERN, J. A.; BANN, K. L.; GINGRAS, M. K. & PEMBERTON, S. G. (Eds.): Applied ichnology. – Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Short Course Notes, 52: 1-25; Tulsa (Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists).
  • GRÍMSSON, F. & SÍMONARSON, L. A. (2008): Upper tertiary non-marine environments and climatic changes in Iceland. – Jökull, 58, 303-314.
  • GROOM, T. (1902): The sequence of the Cambrian and associated beds of the Malvern Hills. – Geological Society of London, Quarterly Journal, 58: 89-149.
  • HÄNTZSCHEL, W. (1965): Vestigia Invertebratorum et Problematica. – Fossilum Catalogus I: Animalia. Part 108: 140 pp.
  • HÄNTZSCHEL, W. (1975): Trace fossils and problematica. – In: TEICHERT, C. (Ed.): Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part W, Miscellanea, Supplement I. – 269 pp.; Lawrence (Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press).
  • HÄNTZSCHEL, W.; EL-BAZ, F. & AMSTUTZ, G. C. (1968): Coprolites: An annotated bibliography. – Geological Society of America, Memoir, 108: 1-132.
  • HARDY, P. G. (1970): Aspects of palaeoecology in the areneceous sediments of Upper Carboniferous age in the area around Manchester. – unpublished PhD thesis, University of Manchester.
  • HASIOTIS, S. (2003): Complex ichnofossils of solitary and social soil organisms: understanding their evolution and roles in terrestrial paleoecosystems. – Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 192: 259-320.
  • HEER, O. (1865): Die Urwelt der Schweiz. - XXIX + 622 pp.; Zürich (F. Schulthess).
  • HEMBREE, D. I.; HASIOTIS, S. T. & MARTIN, L. D. (2005): Torridorefugium eskridgensis (new ichnogenus and ichnospecies): Amphibian aestivation burrows from the Lower Permian Speiser Shale of Kansas. – Journal of Paleontology, 79: 583-593.
  • HEINBERG, C. (1973): The internal structure of the trace fossils Gyrochorte and Curvolithus. – Lethaia, 6: 227-238.
  • HEINBERG, C. (1974): A dynamic model for a meniscus filled tunnel (Ancorichnus n. ichnogen.) from the Jurassic Pecten sandstone of Milne Land, East Greenland. – Grønlands geologiske undersøgelse, Rapport, 62, 20 pp.
  • HITCHCOCK, E. (1858): Ichnology of New england. A report on the sandstone of the Connecticut Valley, especially its fossil footmarks. – 220 pp.; Boston (William White).
  • HITCHCOCK, E. (1865): Supplement to the ichnology of New England. A report to the government of Massachusetts, in 1863. – 96 pp.; Boston (Wright & Potter).
  • HOFMANN, H. J. (1972): Systematically branching burrows from the Lower Ordovician (Quebec Group) near Quebec, Canada. – Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 46(3/4): 105-112.
  • HOWARD, J. D. & FREY, R. W. (1984): Characteristic trace fossils in nearshore to offshore sequence, Upper Cretaceous of east-central Utah. – Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 21: 200-219.
  • HUNT, A. P. (1992): Late Pennsylvanian coprolites from the Kinney Brick Quarry, central New Mexico, with notes on the classification and utility of coprolites. – New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Bulletin, 138: 221-229.
  • JANICKE, V. (1969): Untersuchungen über den Biotop der Solnhofener Plattenkalke. – Mitteilungen der Bayerischen Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und historische Geologie, 9: 117-181.
  • JENNY, J. & JENNY-DESHUSSES, C. (1978): Sur la présence de Megapermichnus ichnogen. nov., nouvel ichnogenre de taille géante dans le Permien de l’Elbourz oriental (Iran). – Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, 71(2): 313-319.
  • JENSEN, S. (1990): Predation by early Cambrian trilobites on infaunal worms – Evidence from the Swedish Mickwitzia Sandstone. – Lethaia, 23: 29-42.
  • JØRGENSEN, B. B. & GALLARDO, V. A. (1999): Thioploca spp.: Filamentous sulfur bacteria with nitrate vacuoles. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 28: 301-313.
  • JØRGENSEN, B. B., & NELSON, D. C. (2004): Sulfide oxidation in marine sediments: Geochemistry meets microbiology. – In: AMEND, J. P.; EDWARDS, K. J. & LYONS, T. W. (Eds.): Sulfur biogeochemistry − Past and present. – Geological Society of America, Special Papers, 379: 63-81.
  • KĘDZIERSKI, M.; UCHMAN, A.; SAWLOWICZ, Z. & BRIGUGLIO, A. (2015): Fossilized bioelectric wire – the trace fossil Trichichnus. – Biogeosciences, 12: 2301-2309.
  • KELLY, S. R. A. & BROMLEY, R. G. (1984): Ichnological nomenclature of clavate borings. – Palaeontology, 27: 793-807.
  • KNAUST, D. (2012): Trace fossil systematics. – In: KNAUST, D. & BROMLEY, R. G. (Eds.): Trace fossils as indicators of sedimentary environments. - Developments in Sedimentology, 64 (Series ed.: LOON, A. J. van): 79-101.
  • KNAUST, D. & BROMLEY, R. G. (Eds., 2012): Trace fossils as indicators of sedimentary environments. – Developments in Sedimentology, 64 (Series ed.: LOON, A. J. van), 960 pp.; Amsterdam (Elsevier).
  • KNAUST, D. & NEUMANN, C. (2016): Asteriacites VON SCHLOTHEIM, 1820 - the oldest valid ichnogenus name and other asterozoan produced trace fossils. – Earth Science Reviews, 157: 111-120.
  • KOLESCH, K. (1919): Beitrag zur Stratigraphie des Mittleren Buntsandsteins im Gebiete des Blattes Kahla (S.-A.).  – Jahrbuch der preußischen geologischen Landesanstalt zu Berlin, 40(2, 2): 307-382. [published 1921]
  • KSIĄŻKIEWICZ, М. (1968): O niektórych problematykach z fliszu Karpat Polskich III [On some problematic organic traces from the Flysch of the Polish Carpathians (part III)]. – Rocznik Polskiego Towarzystwa Geologicznego, 38: 3-17. [In Polish with English abstract]
  • KSIĄŻKIEWICZ, M. (1970): Observation on the ichnofauna of the Polish Carpathians. – In: CRIMES, T. P. & HARPER, J. C. (eds.): Trace Fossils. – Geological Journal Special Issue, 3: 283-322.
  • KSIĄŻKIEWICZ, M. (1977): Trace fossils in the flysch of the Polish Carpathians. – Palaeontologia Polonica, 36: 1-208.
  • LEHANE, J. R. & EKDALE, A. A. (2013): Pitfalls, traps, and webs in ichnology: Traces and trace fossils of an understudied behavioral strategy. – Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 375: 59-69.
  • LEHANE, J. R. & EKDALE, A. A. (2016): Morphometric analysis of graphoglyptid trace fossils in two dimensions: implications for behavioral evolution in the deep sea. – Paleobiology, 42: 317-334.
  • LEHMANN, J. (2005): Vogelnest: Fossil oder Kunsthandwerk?. – Fossilien, 2005: 94-96.
  • LESSERTISSEUR, J. (1956). Traces fossiles dʼactivité animale et leur signification paléobiologique. – Mémoires de la Sociéte Géologique de France, 74: 1-150.
  • LEICH, H. (2011): Häutung eines Eryon im Solnhofener Plattenkalk. – Fossilien, 2011(1): 70-71.
  • LINCK, O. (1949): Lebens-Spuren aus dem Schilfsandstein (Mittl. Keuper, km 2) NW-Württembergs und ihre Bedeutung für die Bildungsgeschichte der Stufe. – Jahreshefte des Vereins für vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg, 97-101: 1-100.
  • LINCK, O. (1961): Lebens-Spuren niederer Tiere (Evertebraten) aus dem württembergischen Stubensandstein (Trias, Mittl. Keuper 4) verglichen mit anderen Ichnocoenosen des Keupers. – Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, 66: 1-20.
  • LOPEZ, G. R. & LEVINTON, J. S. (1987): Ecology of depositfeeding animals in marine sediments. – The Quarterly Review of Biology, 62: 235-260.
  • LUCAS, S. G.; VOIGT, S.; LERNER, A. J. & RAINFORTH, E. C. (2013): Sphaerapus, a poorly known invertebrate trace fossil from nonmarine Permian and Jurassic strata of North America. – Ichnos, 20: 142-152.
  • LULL, R. S. (1953): Triassic life of the Connecticut Valley, revised. – State Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin, 81: 1-336.
  • MacEACHERN, J. A., BANN, K. L., PEMBERTON, S. G., & GINGRAS, M. K. (2007): The ichnofacies paradigm: High-resolution paleoenvironmental interpretation of the rock record: In: MacEACHERN, J. A.; BANN, K. L.; GINGRAS, M. K. & PEMBERTON, S. G. (Eds.): Applied ichnology. – Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Short Course Notes, 52: 27-64. Tulsa (Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists).
  • MÄGDEFRAU, K. (1937): Lebensspuren fossilen “Bohr”-Organismen.- Beiträge zur naturkundlichen Forschung in Südwestdeutschland, 2: 54-67.
  • MARTIN, A. J. (2013): Life traces of the Georgia coast: Revealing the unseen lives of plants and animals. – xv + 670 pp.; Bloomington (Indiana University Press).
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